Gum disease is caused by plaque, a colorless film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Plaque mixes with sugars and starches in the diet to form acids and other by-products in the mouth, irritating the gums and causing them to become red, tender and swollen. It also causes the gums to bleed easily. If not removed daily, plaque hardens to form calculus (tartar) around the necks of the teeth. The type of treatment you require depends on how advanced your gum disease has reached. Individualized treatment may include: more frequent cleanings, scaling and root planning, curettage, gingivectomy, or flap surgery.
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